I've just installed the latest 2023.2.2 but it refuses to run. Starting it in a shell, it says
“IDE has not been initialized yet”
and then retuirns to the prompt
I simply did the usual download (and checked the checksum) and extracted the archive.
I did have the 2023.2.1 version which I had installed not long ago but not used until today. That didn't work and when I looked I saw the new version so didn't investigate why 2023.2.1 failed and simply took the latest, of course I suspect that it did the same as I report now.
This is on a quite old linux, xubuntu (18.04 LTS) but previous webstorm have been fine I have never had any problems with previous webstorm (also use Pycharm - 2023.2.2 fine and IDEA but not the latest yet)